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Monday, January 21, 2019

Which Countries Do Not Have Railroad Service?


After fact-checking and compiling a list based on various sources of data, the following is a list of countries that do not currently have railroad service for transportation and passengers as of January 21st, 2019:

Andorra, Belize, Bhutan (possible Golden Jubilee Railway project coming soon), Burundi (projects are being planned), Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad (projects are being planned), Cyprus, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Iceland, Kuwait, Libya, Malta, Mauritius, Niger, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Rwanda, San Marino, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Yemen

Did I forget to mention a country in this list? Please consider posting a comment ... thanks!

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

National Geographic Quiz — January 15th, 2019


National Geographic Bee Logo

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website. Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. If there's a tricky question that you want to try answering correctly, search for a post or access the Countries page (navigation bar). Your answer might be found on GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      Byzantium was the Greek name for what present-day city in TURKEY?
A — Izmir
B — Istanbul
C — Ankara

2)      What UNITED STATES town, located at the junction of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers, was the site of an 1859 raid on a U.S. armory before the Civil War?
A — Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
B — Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
C — Annapolis, Maryland

3)      "In God We Trust" is the motto of which southern U.S. state that is home to Big Cypress National Preserve?
A — Georgia
B — Alabama
C — Florida

4)      What is the term for the process by which ice sheets expand and reshape the physical landscape?
A — weathering
B — deposition
C — glaciation




















ANSWERS

Question 1:
B . . . . . Istanbul

Question 2:
B . . . . . Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

Question 3:
C . . . . . Florida

Question 4:
C . . . . . glaciation

Thursday, January 10, 2019

New Blog Map of Angola



The new GeoFact of the Day map of the Republic of ANGOLA is one of the largest and most-detailed maps on this website! If you don't mind, let me know what you think about this map with a comment, and feel free to share your suggestions in regards to future maps! Access the Angola post (↗) to enjoy the newest addition to GeoFact of the Day's mapmaking efforts!

Friday, December 21, 2018

Map of Air Quality and Ozone Levels in the US



Click on the map to enlarge it in a pop-up window.
Interactive version (↗) under the Air Quality section

Produced by the National Association of Counties (NACo) from an analysis of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data, this choropleth map of the UNITED STATES colors the counties light orange, orange, teal, and purple depending on concentrations of ground-level ozone concentrations — numbered in parts per billion — in the atmosphere. Ozone at the ground level in urban, suburban, and rural areas alike can cause health complications (↗) such as decreased lung function, excessive coughing, wheezing, airway inflammation, and chest pain, among others. Light-orange counties have less than 60 parts per billion ozone, orange counties have 60 up to 65 ppb, teal counties have between 65 and 69 ppb, and purple counties (none shown) would have over 70 ppb. While no counties are colored purple in this map, NACo's County Explorer interactive map website (linked above) notes that 184 counties in 22 states have been designated as nonattainment areas. The nonattainment areas listed here by the EPA (↗) are counties "that do not meet EPA's 2015 standards for ground-level ozone of 70 parts per billion as of November 2018."

Friday, December 14, 2018

National Geographic Quiz — December 14th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website. Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. If there's a tricky question that you want to try answering correctly, search for a post or access the Countries page (navigation bar). Your answer might be found on GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      Baikal, Titicaca, and Victoria are all examples of what kind of physical feature?
A — mountain range
B — lake
C — desert

2)      Which commonly serves as the baseline for measuring elevations of Earth's landforms?
A — sea level
B — river level
C — lake level

3)      Formerly a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which Southeast Asian country produces approximately 1.4 percent of the world's daily oil (petroleum)?
A — INDONESIA
B — PHILIPPINES
C — THAILAND

4)      Sobo-Katamuki National Park is located on the southernmost of JAPAN's major islands. What is this island?
A — Hokkaido
B — Honshu
C — Kyushu




















ANSWERS

Question 1:
B . . . . . lake

Question 2:
A . . . . . sea level

Question 3:
A . . . . . Indonesia

Question 4:
C . . . . . Kyushu

Thursday, December 6, 2018

2018 Indiana Senate Election Results and Map


Map of the 2018 Indiana Senate election results by percentages in each county

Supporters of the Democratic Party celebrated its achievement of "taking over" the UNITED STATES House of Representatives in 2019, seating 234 Democrat representatives versus 199 Republican representatives. However, the U.S. Senate election outcome was a different story — and Indiana was one culprit. The hotly contested competition between incumbent Senator Joe Donnelly (D, Granger) and businessperson and former state legislator Mike Braun (R, Jasper) resulted in the crowning of Mike Braun as Indiana's next Senator to serve alongside Todd Young (R, Bloomington). Braun earned 51% of the total votes, while Donnelly earned 45.1% of the total votes. Libertarian candidate, business consultant, and author Lucy Brenton (L, Fishers) earned 3.9% of the votes. Donnelly received a majority of votes in Delaware, Lake, LaPorte, Marion, Monroe, Porter, Saint Joseph, Tippecanoe, and Vigo counties. Based on percentages, Braun received the most support in Daviess, Dearborn, Franklin, Kosciusko, Ripley, and Wells counties.

The General Election results used to compile this post were provided by the Indiana Secretary of State's Election Division (↗). Wish to see a recap post regarding another state or local election? Let me know with a comment below!


Vote totals and percentages for Lucy Brenton, Joe Donnelly, and Mike Braun in the November 2018 Indiana U.S. Senate election

Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Arkansas Towns Named After Capitals and Countries


On this county map of Arkansas, shaded counties have at least one town named after a national capital or country.

More than a couple dozen villages and towns in Arkansas (UNITED STATES) share the same names with countries and capital cities around the world. While not known as countries in the fully sovereign sense, England and Scotland are commonly known as countries nestled within the greater United Kingdom. Also, non-sovereign Palestine is recognized by 137 countries to be an official state as of December 2018. The table below lists every Arkansas town named after a country or capital city, followed by the county it is situated in. If a place is an incorporated community, the population count of that place is written in the third column. Logan, Mississippi, and Union counties each have two towns named after capital cities. Conway, Faulkner, Jefferson, and Van Buren counties each have one town named after a country and another town named after a capital city.

Capital Cities
Athens
Berlin
Damascus
Dublin
Havana
Jerusalem
Lisbon
London
(New) London
Manila
Moscow
Paris
Victoria*
Howard County
Ashley County
Faulkner and Van Buren counties
Logan County
Yell County
Conway County
Union County
Pope County
Union County
Mississippi County
Jefferson County
Logan County
Mississippi County


382

375


1,039

3,342

3,532
37
Close spelling: Tokio (Hempstead County)
* Victoria is the capital of the Seychelles islands, east of continental Africa.

Countries
Congo
Denmark
Egypt
England
Holland
(Little) Italy
Jordan
Macedonia
Palestine
Saint Vincent*
Scotland
Slovak^
Sweden
Saline County
Jackson and White counties
Craighead County
Lonoke County
Faulkner County
Perry and Pulaski counties
Baxter County
Columbia County
Saint Francis County
Conway County
Van Buren County
Prairie County
Jefferson County


112
2,825
557



681




Close spelling: Soudan (Lee County)
* Saint Vincent and the Grenadines — ^ Slovak Republic (Slovakia)

Did I leave one out? Your suggestion as a comment below would be greatly appreciated!

Monday, November 26, 2018

National Geographic Bee Quiz — November 26th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website. Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. If there's a tricky question that you want to try answering correctly, search for a post or access the Countries page (navigation bar). Your answer might be found on GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      In Florida and the West Indies, a small low-lying island usually comprised of coral or sand is known as a _____________.
A — cliff
B — key
C — atoll

2)      Hydroelectric damming of the Helmand River has caused conflict between AFGHANISTAN and a country to the west. Name this country.
A — IRAN
B — PAKISTAN
C — TURKMENISTAN

3)      The westernmost part of the Jura Mountains is located in which European country?
A — GREECE
B — SWEDEN
C — FRANCE

4)      What condition is necessary for the formation of coral reefs?
A — warm ocean temperature
B — deep water
C — annual rainfall of 300 inches




Answers are listed below!























ANSWERS

Question 1:
B . . . . . key

Question 2:
A . . . . . Iran

Question 3:
C . . . . . France

Question 4:
A . . . . . warm ocean temperature
More info about coral formation and conservation for coral survival is provided by the Coral Reef Alliance (↗).

Sunday, November 11, 2018

Arkansas Towns with Interesting Names


The state of Arkansas in the Southern UNITED STATES includes an abundance of towns with unusual, noteworthy names. Below are road maps of just several of these towns. The maps below are derived from the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ArDOT) Highway Map (viewable online ↗). If you are familiar with other towns in The Natural State or elsewhere that have whimsical or just plain funny names, please let me know with a comment!

Beverage Town (southern Van Buren County)
Overcup (central Conway County)
Locator map of Beverage Town and Overcup, Arkansas

Blue Ball (eastern Scott County)
"Y" City (southern Scott County)
Locator map of Blue Ball and Y City, Arkansas

Blue Eye (northeastern Carroll County)
Blue Eye, Arkansas has a population of 30 (2010 Census) and is located across the border from Blue Eye, Missouri (population 167) in Stone County.
Locator map of Blue Eye, Arkansas

Village (eastern Columbia County)
There aren't many towns or villages that are simply named "Village". Southwestern Arkansas has one of those!
Locator map of Village, Arkansas

Wednesday, October 31, 2018

Interactive Map: Pop Art Style!


Fans of superheroes, comic books, independent comic book stores, and comic strips everywhere owe it to Pop Art (1950s and 1960s) for the popular, colorful style seen in comic media today. Thanks to the Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI), the artwork of artists such as Roy Lichtenstein and fellow contemporaries jumps from comic books into an interactive map! See for yourself with embedded version below or with the full-page version on ArcGIS Online (↗).



Belgrade, SERBIA
Pop Art style map of Belgrade

N'Djamena, CHAD
Pop Art style map of N'Djamena

Paris, FRANCE
Pop Art style map of Paris

ʻUvea Island, WALLIS AND FUTUNA (belongs to France)
Pop Art style map of 'Uvea Island

Monday, October 29, 2018

30 Hoosiers Infected by the West Nile Virus


As the mosquito-swatting season continues to wind down in Indiana and elsewhere in the UNITED STATES, Indiana State Department of Health's interactive Arboviral Disease map (↗) reveals the number of people infected by the West Nile Virus: 30. This is not too far away from last year's 26 human infections, but compare this to the 9 infections seen in 2014. Throughout 2018, people were infected in these counties: Allen (5), Delaware (3), Elkhart (2), Grant (1), Hamilton (4), Hendricks (1), Huntington (1), Lake (4), LaPorte (1), Marion (2), Porter (1), Vanderburgh (4), and White (1).

688 mosquitoes in 87 out of 92 Hoosier counties tested WNV-positive in lab tests throughout the year. 18 horses were infected as well, especially in Adams County (10 cases) but also in Harrison (1), Jay (3), Lake (1), Noble (1), Tippecanoe (1), and Whitley (1). For the first time in recent years, Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE) infected horses: one each in Kosciusko and Whitley counties. For more information about the West Nile Virus situation in Indiana this year and in the past, access the All About Indiana webpage (↗) on GeoFact of the Day.

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

The Island for Primates


One of the world’s highest concentrations of primates can be found in a relatively remote area — isolated on an island in the middle of a SIERRA LEONE river, to be exact. This pristine place situated in the Moa River is Tiwai Island, known as “Big Island” in the Mende language. 11 identified species of primates — including chimpanzees and diana monkeys — live on the heavily forested island. Villages and towns near Tiwai Island include Baoma, Bogboabu, Giema, Gobioma, Jene, Mapumanobuma, Naiahun, and Segbwema.

Clever Chimpanzees


A group of chimpanzees that lived in the forest near the town of Bossou in extreme southeastern GUINEA — near Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia — became famous in 2005 when Japanese primatologist Gaku Ohashi discovered something about their behavior. Not only could these chimps detect and neutralize animal traps, they taught these skills to other chimps!

Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Links to All Country Export Posts


Below is a convenient, downloadable PDF document with links to every Country Export post on GeoFact of the Day. These blog posts contain details about the major exports and international trading partners of every country in the world! If you notice any hyperlink or display issues with this document, please feel free to let me know with a comment below. Thanks for visiting GeoFact of the Day today!

Vatican City Exports


Data regarding the exports and international trading partners of VATICAN CITY (Holy See) is sparse, hence why it was not included in the original Exports series on GeoFact of the Day. The following items are major exports of Vatican City, according to MIT's Observatory of Economic Complexity (atlas.media.mit.edu): automobile parts, collector’s items and souvenirs, dextrin, furniture, measuring instruments, men’s coats, metal-clad products, orthopedic appliances, and postage and revenue stamps. Countries and territories buying and importing most of those exports include Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Thailand, Cambodia, the United States, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, Austria, Turkey, Portugal, Pakistan, the Netherlands, South Korea, Peru, Colombia, Antigua and Barbuda, Mexico, Zambia, and South Africa.

Rounded flag of Vatican City (Holy See)

For the complete list of the world's countries and their main exports and trading partners, access the Countries & Their Exports post (↗) — published today!

Monaco Exports


Data regarding the exports and international trading partners of MONACO is sparse, hence why it was not included in the original Exports series on GeoFact of the Day. The following items are major exports of Monaco, according to the Encyclopedia of the Nations at NationsEncyclopedia.com: cards, cosmetics and other beauty products, glassware, packaged food, perfume, pharmaceuticals, postage stamps, precision machinery, and re-exports from other countries.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, countries and territories buying and importing most of those exports include Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and a majority of other countries (unlisted). Trade is predominantly conducted with other European countries, especially European Union members.

Rounded flag of Monaco (and Indonesia)

For the complete list of the world's countries and their main exports and trading partners, access the Countries & Their Exports post (↗) — published today!

Liechtenstein Exports


According to National Geographic MapMaker (mapmaker.nationalgeographic.org), the following items are major exports of LIECHTENSTEIN: automobiles and automobile parts, small machinery, audio/video connectors, dental products (including dentures), electronics, glasses and other optical products, hardware, and packaged food.

Countries and territories buying and importing most of those exports include Switzerland, Austria, Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, Italy, Finland, Sweden, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Czech Republic, and Portugal.

Rounded flag of Liechtenstein

For the complete list of the world's countries and their main exports and trading partners, access the Countries & Their Exports post (↗) — published today!

Andorra Exports


According to National Geographic MapMaker (mapmaker.nationalgeographic.org) and MIT's Observatory of Economic Complexity (atlas.media.mit.edu), the following items are major exports of ANDORRA: audio alarms, automobiles and automobile parts, blank audio media, cigarette paper, compasses, essential oil, furniture, gold, grain, hobby models, house linens, integrated circuits, iron, machinery, orthopedic appliances, perfume, petroleum gas, stuffed animals, telephones, tobacco products, various vegetables, and video displays.

Countries and territories buying and importing most of those exports include Spain (top importer), Switzerland, Mauritania, France, the United States, Slovakia, Norway, Finland, Chile, Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Mexico, Guatemala, Senegal, Central African Republic, Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Colombia, Argentina, Canada, and Palau.

Rounded flag of Andorra

For the complete list of the world's countries and their main exports and trading partners, access the Countries & Their Exports post (↗) — published today!

Friday, September 21, 2018

Flag of the Day: Malampa Province


Flag of the State of Zulia in Venezuela
Image from the Vexilla-Mundi website

Location of the Malampa Province:
North-central VANUATU — east of the Coral Sea (Mar Caribe) and in the South Pacific Ocean. Islands in Malampa Province include Akhamb, Ambrym, Atchin, Lovépi, Malekula (Malakula), Maskelyne Islands, Paama, Rano, Sakao, Uri, Uripiv (Urpiv), Vao, Vulai, and Wala. Towns on the islands of Malampa Province — most are on Malekula island unless specified otherwise in parentheses — include Aim, Amelvet, Baiap (Ambrym island), Brennwe, Craig Cove (Ambrym), Endu Pahakoi (Ambrym), Fona, Halos (Lopévi island), Horrok, Lakatoro, Lalinda (Ambrym), Laravet, Letokas, Leviamp, Linbul, Lulep Nessa (Paama island), Matanvat, Nou (Paama), Pinalum, Taram, Tautu, Tavie (Paama), Tevaliout (Paama), Vauleli Nessa (Paama), Vutekai (Paama), and Wihel.

Population: 37,200 (GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Flag of the Day: Zulia


Flag of the State of Zulia in Venezuela

Location of the State of Zulia in VENEZUELA: Located south of the Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe) in northwest Venezuela. Zulia State almost completely surrounds Lake Maracaibo (Lago de Maracaibo). Zulia maintains a prominent petroleum extracting and refining industry, so the lightning bolt design on its flag is likely to represent the electricity generated from burning petroleum. Towns and cities in Zulia include Maracaibo (state capital), Altagracia, Bobures, Cabimas, Casigua, Ciudad Ojeda, Encontrados, La Concepción, La Solita, Lagunillas, Machiques, Mene Grande, Palmira, Paraguaipoa, Quisiro, Rosario, San Carlos del Zulia, San Rafael, and Sinamaica.

Population: 5,150,000 (GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

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