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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Sudan Post is Updated


My Sudan post (↗) — link opens in a new tab or window — is updated with more information. Thanks for visiting GeoFact of the Day ... today and always!

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Geography Quiz #3  —  April 17th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo
Quiz 3 / 3

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website.* Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      In 1991, ESTONIA, LATVIA, and LITHUANIA gained independence from what obsolete country?
A — East Germany
B — Czechoslovakia
C — Soviet Union
D — Belarussian Union

2)      On March 13th of 2018, the government of SOUTH KOREA announced its intention to talk with IMF officials to make sure the UNITED STATES will not have reason to believe South Korea is a currency manipulator. (In a recent Treasury report, the United States did not call South Korea or other allied trading partners as currency manipulators.) In 1997, South Korea received a $21 billion bailout from the IMF to stabilize its economy. What do the initials IMF stand for?
A — International Monetary Fund
B — Industrial Monetization Fund
C — Income Maximization Fund

3)      Overlooking the confluence of the Dadu and Min rivers, the Leshan Giant Buddha (circa 8th century A.D.) was carved out of a cliff in hopes of protecting sailors from dangerous currents. This statue is in what officially atheist country?
A — LAOS
B — CHINA
C — VIETNAM

4)      Which country is not ruled by a leader named the sultan?
A — OMAN
B — BRUNEI
C — PAKISTAN


Answers are listed below!
























ANSWERS

Question 1:
C . . . . . Soviet Union (USSR)

Question 2:
A . . . . . International Monetary Fund

Question 3:
B . . . . . China

Question 4:
C . . . . . Pakistan

* GeoFact of the Day (not National Geographic) came up with Question 2 based on recent news reports (particularly from Reuters) and IMF statistics.


Geography Quiz #2  —  April 17th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo
Quiz 2 / 3

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website. Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      "Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable" is the motto of which northern U.S. state that is home to Theodore Roosevelt National Park?
A — Wisconsin
B — North Dakota
C — South Dakota

2)      San Agustin was an important ceremonial center in what South American country north of ECUADOR?
A — VENEZUELA
B — COLOMBIA
C — BRAZIL

3)      Guernsey and Jersey — dependencies of the British crown — are part of a group of islands located between England and FRANCE. Name this island group.
A — Channel Islands
B — Shetland Islands
C — Balearic Islands

4)      Which of these island countries has a smaller total land area?
A — CUBA
B — MALTA
C — JAMAICA


Answers are listed below!
























ANSWERS

Question 1:
B . . . . . North Dakota

Question 2:
B . . . . . Colombia

Question 3:
A . . . . . Channel Islands

Question 4:
B . . . . . Malta

Geography Quiz #1  —  April 17th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo
Quiz 1 / 3

Questions for this quick geography quiz are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website. Keep testing your geographic knowledge (↗) with other quizzes from GeoFact of the Day. Enjoy and good luck!

1)      Seismographs are used to detect and record which natural hazard?
A — earthquakes
B — blizzards
C — hurricanes

2)      Which country does not border BHUTAN?
A — INDIA
B — CHINA
C — AFGHANISTAN

3)      Launceston is a port city with over 80,000 people on which island in the Southern Hemisphere?
A — Guam
B — Tasmania
C — Palau

4)      The Adironback Mountains — covering much of the area between Lake Champlain and Lake Ontario — tower above the northern part of which state in the UNITED STATES?
A — Vermont
B — New York
C — Maine


Answers are listed below!
























ANSWERS

Question 1:
A . . . . . earthquakes

Question 2:
C . . . . . Afghanistan

Question 3:
B . . . . . Tasmania

Question 4:
B . . . . . New York

Thursday, April 12, 2018

Lions Clubs Create Irrigation System to Help Feed Burkinabé


According to the March 2018 issue of Lions Clubs International's LION Magazine (the online version is available at LionMagazine.org), members of Lions Clubs from Venice (Venezia), ITALY traveled over 3,870 kilometers and 2,400 miles to West Africa for a project to help with hunger and malnutrition. They collaborated with the Baobab Lions Club of Koudougou, BURKINA FASO to set up a drip irrigation system. The Lions Clubs International Fund (LCIF) granted $54,267 (US Dollars) — an equivalent of €43825.05 and West African C₣A 28,873,563.68 — for setup costs, training local people on the proper usage of the system, and growing vegetable gardens sustained by irrigation. Lions volunteers created a well, solar-power water pump, and storage tank and then planted various vegetables and Moringa trees. The ultimate goal is for locals to grow enough excess food so they can start a village market to sell their nutritious produce.  

Saturday, March 31, 2018

Struve Geodetic Arc


What is the Struve Geodetic Arc, a UNESCO World Heritage Site spanning across the countries of BELARUS, ESTONIA, FINLAND, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, MOLDOVA, NORWAY, RUSSIA, SWEDEN, and UKRAINE? The UNESCO World Heritage Site webpage (↗) provides an interactive map and description:

The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian. This helped to establish the exact size and shape of the planet and marked an important step in the development of earth sciences and topographic mapping. It is an extraordinary example of scientific collaboration among scientists from different countries, and of collaboration between monarchs for a scientific cause. The original arc consisted of 258 main triangles with 265 main station points. The listed site includes 34 of the original station points, with different markings, i.e. a drilled hole in rock, iron cross, cairns, or built obelisks.

Surveyors from around the world and other people involved in geodesy and geography might consider adding a [probably expensive] trip through Eastern Europe onto their travel "Bucket List"! The Money and Geography Blog (↗) — one of GeoFact of the Day's "sister blogs" — will soon have a post showing silver and cupronickel coins issued by Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, and Ukraine to commemorative the establishment of this monumental* surveying initiative. The UNESCO description is available under license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Intergovernmental Organization 3.0 license (↗).

* Pun intended! Various stops along the transnational arc do have monuments, but the arc is also outstandingly significant to the science of geodesy.

Thursday, March 29, 2018

Largest Desert in the World? Not the Sahara!


Conventional wisdom holds that the Sahara Desert spanning across North Africa is the world's largest desert. That is true if you only consider non-polar deserts! We would need to wear cozy parkas and to shield our skin from bitter-cold temperatures in order to walk on what truly is the world's largest desert: the Antarctic Polar Desert. This vast feature encompasses about 14,245,000 km² and 5,500,000 mi² of land.

Switching from the South Pole to the North one, we should know that the second-largest desert is the Arctic Polar Desert. Covering areas of Québec (extreme northern part), the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon (CANADA), Greenland (DENMARK), FINLAND, NORWAY, RUSSIA, SWEDEN, Alaska (UNITED STATES), the Arctic Polar Desert boasts an area of approximately 14,000,000 km² and 5,400,000 mi². Finally, the Sahara Desert is in 3rd place: 9,200,000 km² and 3,550,000 mi².

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Flag of the Day 4: Madeira




Location of Madeira: an archipelago and autonomous region situated in the North Atlantic Ocean. The islands of Madeira administratively belong to PORTUGAL.

Population: approximately 300,000 (GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

Flag of the Day 3: Bandung




Location of Bandung city: western Java island in southwestern INDONESIA.

Population: 2,800,000 in city limits, 8,600,000 in metro area
(GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

Flag of the Day 2: Yogyakarta Region




Location of Yogyakarta Special Region: southern shore on Java island in southwestern INDONESIA.

Population: approximately 3,650,000 (GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

Flag of the Day 1: Yogyakarta City




Location of the City of Yogyakarta: near the southern shore on Java island in southwestern INDONESIA.

Population: approximately 400,000 (GeoFact of the Day estimate, 2018)

Flag Inscription: KOTA PRADJA JOGJAKARTA (City of Yogyakarta)

Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Flag of the Day: Basilicata


Flag of Basilica, a region in southern Italy

Basilicata, a region in the southern "sole" of ITALY's boot. As pinpointed on the DuckDuckGo map below, Basilicata's capital city is Potenza (pop. 68,000). Base-map layer and data © Mapbox and OpenStreetMap.

Locator map of Basilicata region in Italy

National Geographic Quiz — March 14th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo

GeoFact of the Day's GeoBee Quiz posts are essentially archived and therefore always available (↗), even if National Geographic removed questions from the website. Some questions may be fairly easy, especially for adults — but you never know when you'll encounter a toughie! Try this latest geography quiz; correctly answering at least seven out of ten questions means you surely are a geography whiz! Many more quiz questions are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website.

1)      In AUSTRALIA, the Northern Territory's largest city south of the MacDonnell Ranges was founded as a station on the Overland Telegraph Line in the late 1800s. Name this city.
A — Perth
B — Canberra
C — Alice Springs

2)      The Nansen Cordillera, an undersea ridge named for explorer Fridtjof Nansen, is found in which ocean?
A — Pacific Ocean
B — Atlantic Ocean
C — Arctic Ocean

3)      The Guadalupe River flows past New Braunfels and Victoria in which U.S. state?
A — Texas
B — Nevada
C — Arkansas

4)      In 1885, the completion of which kind of transportation system encouraged the settlement of western CANADA?
A — river
B — railroad
C — highway

5)      The Huang Ho is commonly known by what English name?
A — Yellow River
B — Yangtze River
C — Red River

6)      Which UNITED STATES city is located on a river delta?
A — Oklahoma City
B — New Orleans
C — Austin

7)      Which U.S. state borders more Canadian provinces than any other state?
A — Montana
B — New York
C — North Dakota

8)      Which country has more boreal forests?
A — COSTA RICA
B — FINLAND
C — GREECE

9)      In 1741, explorers discovered large populations of sea otters and fur seals in the waters around the Aleutian Islands. These explorers claimed the area for what country?
A — RUSSIA
B — The NETHERLANDS
C — The UNITED STATES

10)      On a Canadian ten-dollar bill, the word dix means ten in which language?
A — French
B — Dutch
C — Danish




















ANSWERS

Question 1:
C . . . . . Alice Springs

Question 2:
C . . . . . Arctic Ocean

Question 3:
A . . . . . Texas

Question 4:
B . . . . . railroad

Question 5:
A . . . . . Yellow River

Question 6:
B . . . . . New Orleans

Question 7:
A . . . . . Montana

Question 8:
B . . . . . Finland

Question 9:
A . . . . . Russia

Question 10:
A . . . . . French


Monday, February 26, 2018

National Geographic Quiz — February 26th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo

GeoFact of the Day's GeoBee Quiz posts are essentially archived and therefore always available (↗), even if National Geographic removed questions from the website. Some questions may be fairly easy, especially for adults — but you never know when you'll encounter a toughie! Try this latest geography quiz; correctly answering at least seven out of ten questions means you surely are a geography whiz! Many more quiz questions are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website.

1)      Hundreds of wooden stave churches — containing both Christian and Viking symbols — were built during the Middle Ages in the Nordic country bordering the Barents Sea. Name this country.
A — SWEDEN
B — NORWAY
C — FINLAND

2)      Alberta and which other province in CANADA are landlocked?
A — Saskatchewan
B — Ontario
C — Newfoundland

3)      Which arctic animal traditionally played an important role in the economy and lifestyle of the Sami people?
A — reindeer
B — polar bear
C — musk ox

4)      Name the explorer killed in the PHILIPPINES in 1521 after becoming the first European to sail across the Pacific Ocean.
A — Marco Polo
B — James Cook
C — Ferdinand Magellan

5)      Transylvania is a region made famous by a fictional character, Count Dracula. This region is located in which European country?
A — SWEDEN
B — ROMANIA
C — MOLDOVA

6)      The city of Manaus, BRAZIL is situated on a river near its confluence with the Amazon river. Name this river.
A — Rio Negro
B — Nile
C — Urubamba

7)      Which modern-day country was not a part of the Roman Empire at any time?
A — ITALY
B — SPAIN
C — SOUTH AFRICA

8)      Name the sea created by the spreading of the Earth's crust along the junction of the African and Arabian tectonic plates.
A — Red Sea
B — Mediterranean Sea
C — Balic Sea

9)      Land bordering the mouths of the James, Rappahannock, and York rivers is part of the Tidewater region of which state?
A — Ohio
B — Virginia
C — Georgia

10)      The Tigris and Euphrates rivers have their sources in which Mediterranean country?
A — TUNISIA
B — ISRAEL
C — GREECE
D — TURKEY




















ANSWERS

Question 1:
B . . . . . Norway

Question 2:
A . . . . . Saskatchewan

Question 3:
A. . . . . reindeer

Question 4:
C . . . . . Ferdinand Magellan

Question 5:
B . . . . . Romania

Question 6:
A . . . . . Rio Negro

Question 7:
C . . . . . South Africa

Question 8:
A . . . . . Red Sea

Question 9:
B . . . . . Virginia

Question 10:
D . . . . . Turkey


Tuesday, February 20, 2018

National Geographic Quiz — February 20th, 2018


National Geographic Bee Logo

GeoFact of the Day's GeoBee Quiz posts are essentially archived and therefore always available (↗), even if National Geographic removed questions from the website. Some questions may be fairly easy, especially for adults — but you never know when you'll encounter a toughie! Try this latest geography quiz; correctly answering at least seven out of ten questions means you surely are a geography whiz! Many more quiz questions are found on the National Geographic Geo Bee Quiz (↗) website.

1)      Which body of water is partially surrounded by the state of Maryland in the UNITED STATES?
A — Chesapeake Bay
B — Pamlico Sound
C — Atlantic Ocean

2)      The Mayflower and Titanic are two famous ships that began their transatlantic journeys at what British port city?
A — Southampton
B — Portsmouth
C — Plymouth

3)      Which of these provincial capitals in CANADA sit in a major oil- and natural gas-producing region?
A — Victoria
B — Halifax
C — Edmonton

4)      Freeborn boys wore togas with a purple border in which ancient Mediterranean civilization?
A — Roman
B — Ottoman
C — Egyptian
D — Mycenaean

5)      What city — once the capital of imperial RUSSIA — is the easternmost port on the Gulf of Finland?
A — Helsinki
B — Tallinn
C — Riga
D — Saint Petersburg

6)      Analogy: Mandarin is to Chinese as Castilian is to _____________.
A — French
B — Spanish
C — English

7)      Name the Highlands in northern South America vastly extending across land between the Orinoco and Amazon river basins.
A — Patagonian Highlands
B — Guiana Highlands
C — Brazilian Highlands

8)      The circumference of (distance around) Earth is commonly measured at which parallel of latitude?
A — Tropic of Cancer or 23½ degrees N latitude
B — Prime Meridian or 0 degrees longitude
C — Equator or 0 degrees latitude

9)      Berbers and what other Muslim group of people make up most of the population in ALGERIA, LIBYA, and MOROCCO?
A — Tuareg
B — Arabs
C — Fulani

10)      Large reserves of phosphates are found in which North African country bordering both the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea?
A — TUNISIA
B — ERITREA
C — MOROCCO

















ANSWERS

Question 1:
A . . . . . Chesapeake Bay

Question 2:
A . . . . . Southampton

Question 3:
C . . . . . Edmonton

Question 4:
A . . . . . Roman

Question 5:
D . . . . . Saint Petersburg

Question 6:
B . . . . . Spanish

Question 7:
B . . . . . Guiana Highlands

Question 8:
C . . . . . Equator or 0 degrees latitude

Question 9:
B . . . . . Arabs

Question 10:
C . . . . . Morocco

Friday, February 16, 2018

Zimbabwe Exports


According to National Geographic MapMaker (mapmaker.nationalgeographic.org) and MIT's Observatory of Economic Complexity (atlas.media.mit.edu), the following items are major exports of ZIMBABWE: air pumps, aircraft, animal hides, asbestos, beverages, cement, centrifuges, chemicals, chromium, citrus fruit, clothing and textiles, coal, coffee, collector’s items, computers, construction vehicles, copper, corn (maize), cotton, cut flowers, diamonds, dried legumes, electricity to neighboring countries, ferroalloys, fertilizer, figurines and sculptures, footwear, fruit juice, furniture, gold, granite, graphite, gypsum, hairpieces and wigs, iron, lead, lithium, livestock, malt, medical supplies, metal goods, nickel and nickel mattes, niobium, oilseeds, packaged food, paper containers, peanuts and other ground nuts, pepper, pesticides, platinum, prefabricated buildings, refrigerators, rice, seafood, sowing seeds, spices, steel, sugarcane, tantalum, tea, telephones, tin, tobacco, transformers and transmissions, tungsten, vanadium, vegetable products, wheat, wood and wood products, yarn, and zirconium.

Zimbabwe produces a variety of machinery. Functions of the machinery manufactured in the Southern African country include bottling, construction, cooling, excavation, heating, industrial food preparation, liquid dispersal, and stone processing — among others. According to February 2017 statistics from the International Monetary Fund (data.imf.org), countries and territories buying and importing most of Zimbabwe's exports include South Africa (top importer), Mozambique, Zambia, the United Arab Emirates, Belgium, Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Switzerland, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Malawi, Italy, the Netherlands, Tunisia, China, the United States, Spain, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Sudan, and Tanzania.

Rounded flag of Zimbabwe

That concludes the Country Exports series on GeoFact of the Day! In the next week or so, look out for a post containing convenient Word and PowerPoint documents, which will combine all the post links together for easy access.

Zambia Exports


According to National Geographic MapMaker (mapmaker.nationalgeographic.org) and MIT's Observatory of Economic Complexity (atlas.media.mit.edu), the following items are major exports of ZAMBIA: animal hides, barley, beverages, bran, breakfast cereal, broadcasting equipment, cassava, cereal meal and pellets, chemicals, clothing and textiles, coal, cobalt, coffee, confectionery sugar, construction vehicles and cranes, copper, copper products (including bars and wire), corn (maize), cut flowers, excavation machinery, fertilizer, frozen vegetables, gemstones (especially diamonds and emeralds), gold, hydroelectricity to neighboring countries, insulated wire, interchangeable tool parts, iron products, lead, legumes, liquid pumps, magnesium carbonate, military ammunition and weapons, molasses, mollusks, olive and palm oil, packaged food, paper containers, peanuts, postage stamps, poultry meat, quicklime, raw and refined copper, rice, silver, sorghum, soybeans and soybean meal, sugarcane, sulphur (sulfur), sunflower seeds, tobacco, unmentioned edible preparations, uranium (small amounts), vegetable residues, wheat flour, wood, yeast, and zinc.

According to February 2017 statistics from the International Monetary Fund (data.imf.org), countries and territories buying and importing most of those exports include Switzerland (top importer), China, the United Arab Emirates, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Singapore, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Malawi, Luxembourg, Tanzania, Japan, Kenya, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Germany, Rwanda, Burundi, South Korea, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium, Mauritius, Algeria, Swaziland, the United States, Uganda, Angola, Australia, Hungary, Ireland, and Madagascar.

Rounded flag of Zambia

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