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Thursday, December 8, 2016

British Virgin Islands Endangered Species

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for the British Virgin Islands in the Caribbean Sea lists 15 critically endangered species and 14 endangered species. The following species are critically endangered: the Anegada Island Iguana (Anegada Rock Iguana), Calyptranthes kiaerskovii shrub and tree, Cordia rupicola plant, Elkhorn Coral, Goliath Grouper, Hawksbill Turtle, Lesser Virgin Islands Skink, Machaonia woodburyana flowering shrub, Metastelma anegadense plant, Pokemeboy tree, Puerto Rican Crested Toad, Roosevelt's (Culebra) Giant Anole lizard, Staghorn Coral, Virgin Islands Bronze Skink, and Wide Sawfish.

The aforementioned Calyptranthes kiaerskovii species lives only in Gorda Peak National Park, located on the territory's third largest island — Virgin Gorda. The Cordia rupicola species was formerly thought to be endemic to Puerto Rico. Currently, there is no evidence that it still exists in Puerto Rico. The only location for these flowering shrubs may be Anegada island in the British Virgin Islands, and this species is therefore extirpated from Puerto Rico. Endangered species include the American Eel, Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Boulder Star Coral, Caribbean Mayten tree, Green Turtle, Nassau Grouper, Sebucan Cactus, St. Thomas Prickly Ash tree, Thomas' Lidflower plant, Virgin Islands Boa, and Virgin Islands Coquí frog.

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