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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Montserrat Endangered Species

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for Montserrat in the Caribbean Sea lists 10 critically endangered species and 10 endangered species. Critically endangered species in Montserrat: the Elkhorn Coral, Giant Ditch Frog, Goliath Grouper fish, Montserrat Galliwasp lizard, Montserrat Orchid flower, Montserrat Oriole bird, Pribby shrub, Staghorn Coral, Wide Sawfish, and Xylosma serrata tree. These species are endangered: the American Eel, Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Black-Capped Petrel bird, Boulder Star Coral, Guaiac Tree, Hammerhead Shark, Millepora striata coral, Montastraea faveolata coral, Nassau Grouper fish, and West Indian Mahogany. The Xylosma serrata plant species may be possibly extinct due to volcanic activity from the Soufrière Hills volcano since the 1990s. These trees likely only lived in the White River Valley. According to the IUCN, most vegetation in this area was extensively destroyed by a 1997 pyroclastic flow.

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