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Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Hong Kong Endangered Species

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for Hong Kong in Southeast Asia lists 11 critically endangered species and 20 endangered species. Here are Hong Kong's critically endangered species: Andrews' Frigatebird, Aristolochia westlandii plant, Baer's Pochard duck, Caridina apodosis shrimp, Chinese Bahaba fish, Chinese Pangolin, Purple Paphiopedilum orchid, Small Persimmon tree, Snow Crane, Spoonbill Sandpiper, and Typhlops lazelli blindsnake. Biologists declared the Typhlops lazelli (Lazell's Blind Snake) as its own species in 2004, and therefore the total number of endemic snake species and blindsnake (scolecophidian) species in Hong Kong both increased to three (Wallach and Pauwels 2004, 1*). This species is named after James "Skip" D. Lazell, a 19th-century herpetologist and island biogeographer who studied Chinese and Caribbean island environments and their snakes (ibid. 5*). Hong Kong's endangered species include the Beal's Eyed Turtle, Black-Faced Spoonbill bird, Chinese Pond Turtle, Chinese Tiger, Eastern Curlew bird, Great Hammerhead Shark, Great Knot bird, Hong Kong Camellia flowering plant, Hong Kong Grouper, Japanese Eel, Japanese Night Heron bird, Japanese White Stork bird, Nordmann's Greenshank bird, Romer's Treefrog, Short-Legged Horned Toad, Undulate Wrasse fish, and Yellow-Breasted Bunting bird.

Literacy Citation

* Wallach, V., and Olivier S. G. Pauwels. "Typhlops Lazelli, A New Species of
          Chinese Blindsnake from Hong Kong (Serpentes: Typhlopidae)."
          Breviora 512 (2004): 1-21. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

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